Heads of Laboratories
Vice President for Educational Affairs
Dean of Graduate and Postgraduate Studies
Patricia and John Rosenwald Laboratory of Neurobiology and Genetics
The brain is critically dependent on sufficient blood flow. Sidney Strickland’s laboratory investigates how dysfunction of the circulatory system contributes to neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease in humans and in mice.
Neurological disorders of the central nervous system represent profound medical problems worldwide. For example, Alzheimer’s disease affects millions of people and has severe physical, psychological, and financial consequences. By studying patients and mouse models with neurological diseases, Strickland is working to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which neural function is disrupted.
In investigating neurovascular dysfunction, the Strickland lab studies the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Cerebrovascular defects contribute to the progression of Alzheimer’s pathology, and members of the lab are using transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer’s to evaluate blood-brain barrier damage and the roles that blood clot formation and degradation play in this disease. Their research has determined that the β-amyloid peptide, which is considered to be a causative factor in Alzheimer’s, interacts with fibrinogen to promote irregular fibrin accumulation in the brain and increase brain inflammation. This peptide also hinders blood clot degradation, which could compromise blood flow, exacerbate inflammation, and lead to neuronal death. These findings suggest that fibrin and the mechanisms involved in its accumulation and clearance may present novel therapeutic targets for slowing the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
The Strickland lab has also recently found that β-amyloid can activate coagulation Factor XII (FXII) in the plasma of both Alzheimer’s patients and mouse models. The activation of FXII initiates fibrin clotting as well as inflammatory processes, both of which are recognized pathologies in Alzheimer’s disease. Promotion of FXII activation by β-amyloid could help explain the association between Alzheimer’s disease and vascular diseases. This knowledge may ultimately identify new pathogenic mechanisms that could disrupt neuronal function, aiding in the discovery of novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.
B.S. in chemistry, 1968
Ph.D. in biochemistry, 1972
University of Michigan
The Rockefeller University, 1973–1975
Assistant Professor, 1975–1980
Associate Professor, 1980–1982
The Rockefeller University
Associate Professor, 1983–1987
State University of New York at Stony Brook
Dean and Vice President for Educational Affairs, 2000–
The Rockefeller University
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellow, 1998
Innovative Research Award, Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation, 2009
Chen, Z.L. et al. Depletion of coagulation factor XII ameliorates brain pathology and cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease mice. Blood 129, 2547–2556 (2017).
Zamolodchikov, D. et al. Biochemical and structural analysis of the interaction between beta-amyloid and fibrinogen. Blood 128, 1144–1151 (2016).
Chung, Y.C. et al. Hyperhomocysteinemia exacerbates Alzheimer’s disease pathology by way of the β-amyloid fibrinogen interaction. J Thromb Haemost 14, 1442–1452 (2016).
Zamolodchikov, D. et al. The Alzheimer’s disease peptide β-amyloid promotes thrombin generation through activation of coagulation factor XII. J Thromb Haemost 14, 995–1007 (2016).
Kruyer, A. et al. Chronic hypertension leads to neurodegeneration in the TgSwDI mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Hypertension 66, 175–182 (2015).